Cell Cycle 2019 August 27 | https://doi.org/10.1080/15384101.2019.1656476
Rohith Kumar Nellikka, Jamuna S. Sreeja, Dhrishya Dharmapal, Rince John, Augusta Monteiro, Joana Catarina Macedo, Carlos Conde, Elsa Logarinho, Claudio E. Sunkel & Suparna Sengupta
The cytoskeleton protein α-fodrin plays a major role in maintaining structural stability of membranes. It was also identified as part of the brain γ-tubulin ring complex, the major microtubule nucleator. Here, we investigated the requirement of α-fodrin for microtubule spindle assembly during mitotic progression. We found that α-fodrin depletion results in abnormal mitosis with uncongressed chromosomes, leading to prolonged activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint and a severe mitotic delay. Further, α-fodrin repression led to the formation of shortened spindles with unstable kinetochore-microtubule attachments. We also found that the mitotic kinesin CENP-E had reduced levels at kinetochores to likely account for the chromosome misalignment defects in α-fodrin-depleted cells. Importantly, we showed these cells to exhibit reduced levels of detyrosinated α-tubulin, which primarily drives CENP-E localization. Since proper microtubule dynamics and chromosome alignment are required for completion of normal mitosis, this study reveals an unforeseen role of α-fodrin in regulating mitotic progression. Future studies on these lines of observations should reveal important mechanistic insight for fodrin's involvement in cancer.