Chem Soc Rev. |2023 Apr 24, PMID: 37092318 | doi: 10.1039/d2cs01004f.
Janaky Sunil, Chandrabhas Narayana , Gayatri Kumari, Kolleboyina Jayaramulu
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a unique family of materials constructed by coordinating metal ions or clusters to bridging organic ligands. Many of these materials are well known for their intricate structures, and exceptional gas adsorption properties, and have potential applications in the separation of alkanes, catalysis, energy storage, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) based detections, and diagnostics. In situ or in operando Raman spectroscopic studies provide real-time information about the different processes and associated structural changes in MOFs. In the last few decades, there has been phenomenal growth in the publications on MOFs containing insights from Raman spectroscopy. Such studies have helped the research community in identifying the adsorption sites, defect sites, structural or spin transitions, reaction centers, intermediates, etc. In this review, we present the current research status of Raman spectroscopy in probing the structure, guest adsorption, catalytic activity, and reaction mechanisms of MOFs, and their application in energy storage and SERS detection. We highlight the advancements in the Raman spectroscopy technique that have facilitated in situ studies in atmosphere as well as various chemical environments. We briefly discuss the relevance of computational studies in understanding phonon modes and predicting the stability of MOFs. Although this review is particularly focussed on works related to Raman spectroscopy of MOFs, we do discuss infrared studies on MOFs, where such results or analyses are missing from the Raman studies. These discussions have been provided with the intent to develop similar analysis techniques or methods in Raman spectroscopy research.