Scientific Reports 11 September 2019 | doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-49666-0
Vikas Kumar, Aneesh Kumar A, Rahul Sanawar, Abdul Jaleel, T. R. Santhosh Kumar & C. C. Kartha
We examined the hitherto unexplored role of mitochondrial transporters and iron metabolism in advancing metabolic and mitochondrial dysfunction in the heart during long term pressure overload. We also investigated the link between mitochondrial dysfunction and fluctuation in mitochondrial transporters associated with pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was induced in 3-month-old male Wistar rats by constriction of the aorta using titanium clips. After sacrifice at the end of 6 and 15 months after constriction, tissues from the left ventricle (LV) from all animals were collected for histology, biochemical studies, proteomic and metabolic profiling, and gene and protein expression studies. LV tissues from rats with LVH had a significant decrease in the expression of ABCB7 and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (mt-OXPHOS) enzymes, an increased level of lipid metabolites, decrease in the level of intermediate metabolites of pentose phosphate pathway and elevated levels of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial iron, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and autophagy-related proteins. Knockdown of ABCB7 in H9C2 cells and stimulation with angiotensin II resulted in increased ROS levels, ferritin, and transferrin receptor expression and iron overload in both mitochondria and cytoplasm. A decrease in mRNA and protein levels of mt-OXPHOS specific enzymes, mt-dynamics and autophagy clearance and activation of IGF-1 signaling were also seen in these cells. ABCB7 overexpression rescued all these changes. ABCB7 was found to interact with mitochondrial complexes IV and V. We conclude that in chronic pressure overload, ABCB7 deficiency results in iron overload and mitochondrial dysfunction, contributing to heart failure.